New Rules of Golf
With effect from 1st January 2019
The R&A (Royal & Ancient) and the USGA (United States Golf Association) have unveiled the new Rules of Golf which will take effect on 1 January 2019.
The new Rules of Golf 2019 take effect on 1st January 2019. The key changes include:
- Penalty Area - an area from which relief with a 1 shot penalty is allowed (formerly 'Water Hazard'). Still defined as either yellow or red.
- Relief Area - the area in which the ball must be dropped (and come to rest) when taking relief under a rule.
- General Area - anywhere on the course except Teeing areas, Penalty areas, Bunkers and Greens (formerly 'Through the Green')
- Temporary Water - formerly 'Casual Water'
- Encouragement of Ready Golf in Stroke Play.
- Players may agree to play out of turn in Match Play.
- Elimination of 'Ball Moved' penalties
- No penalty for accidentally moving a ball on the putting green or in searching for a ball.
Relaxed Putting Green rules
- No penalty if a ball hits an unattended flagstick in the hole.
- Players may repair damage to the green, whether their ball is on the green or not. This includes old hole plugs, spike marks and damage made by shoes, animals and maintenance practices (but not aeration holes, unless there is a local rule in place).
- No penalty for touching the line of putt.
- A ball resting against the flagstick is deemed holed as long as part of the ball is below the surface of the ground.
- Interference by a Wrong Green now includes the player's stance.
Relaxed Bunker rules
- No penalty for moving loose impediments (stones, leaves, etc.) in a bunker or for generally touching the sand with hand or club (but not directly in front or behind the ball or in making a backswing or practice swing).
- An extra relief option for an unplayable ball, allowing the ball to be played from outside the bunker with a two stroke penalty.
Relaxed rules for Penalty Areas
- Expanded use of red penalty areas where lateral relief is allowed.
- No penalty for moving loose impediments, touching the ground or water or taking a practice swing in a Penalty Area.
Simplified way of Taking Relief
- New procedure for taking relief by dropping in a specific Relief Area.
- Ball dropped from knee height and must stay within the Relief Area.
Lost Ball & Provisional Ball
- A ball is Lost if not found within 3 minutes of commencing search, although a reasonable amount of additional time is allowed to get to and identify a ball that has been spotted within the 3 minutes.
- A Provisional Ball may be played after the player has moved forward, at any time up to the end of the 3 minute search period.
Alternative to Stroke & Distance (NOT ADOPTED BY BOSGC)
- A new Local Rule to allow golfers to drop the ball in the vicinity of where the ball is lost or out of bounds under a two-stroke penalty.
- This Local Rule is not available in Qualifiers and is not intended for higher levels of play, such as professional or elite level competitions.
Some other changes
- The honour on the tee is determined by the player with the lowest gross score on the previous hole.
- No need to announce the intention to lift a ball to identify it or determine if it is in an abnormal condition (ball must be marked first).
- A ball may be marked by holding a club behind or to the side of it.
- Natural objects may be moved to see if they are loose or unattached. If they are found to be attached they must be replaced as close as possible to their original position.
- No penalty for a multiple hit or if the ball accidentally hits the player.
Relief for an embedded ball is available anywhere in the General Area and the Relief Area is 1 club length from a point directly behind the ball.
- No "opposite side relief" from red penalty areas.
- A player may keep using and/or repair any club damaged during the round, no matter what the damage and even if the player damaged it in anger.
- A player is not allowed to replace a damaged club, except when it is damaged by an outside influence or by someone other than the player or caddie.
(NOT ADOPTED BY BOSGC): A new form of Stroke Play called 'Maximum Score' where the maximum score for a hole is set at a specific number (e.g. 8), or twice the par of the hole, or nett double bogey. For example, if the maximum score for a hole is set at 8 and you lose your ball and decide not to complete the hole, your score is entered as 8. Similarly, once you have played 7 (or less) shots you can pick up your ball and record 8 on the scorecard. For CONGU Qualifying Competitions the maximum score must be set at a minimum of 5 over par (equivalent to net double bogey for a player receiving 3 shots on the hole).
Click links below to see explanatory videos
The links below take you to more detailed videos on specific topics and are often accompanied by additional written explanations:
BALL AT REST
- Ball accidentally moved during search
- Ball accidentally moved on Putting Green
- Deciding why a ball moved
- Replacing a ball when the original spot is unknown
- Measuring the size of the Relief Area
- Dropping Procedure
- Lateral Relief procedure
- 'Back on a line' relief procedure
- Where a dropped ball must come to rest
- Substituting a ball when taking relief
THE PUTTING GREEN
- When to replace a ball that moves on the putting green
- Repairing damage to the Putting Green
- Touching the line of play on the putting green
- Ball hitting the flagstick on the putting green
- Areas the Committee may mark as penalty areas
- Touching loose impediments or ground in penalty areas
- Elimination of 'opposite side relief' in red penalty areas
PLAYING THE BALL
- Caddie or partner standing behind the player to help line up
Caddie lifting the ball on putting green
WHEN TO PLAY DURING A ROUND
NEW LOCAL RULE which golf clubs may adopt
The relief options under the New Rules of Golf are described below. Click on the links to go directly to the rule.
- 2.2 DEFINED AREAS OF THE COURSE
- 13.1f RELIEF FROM WRONG GREEN
- 14.3 DROPPING THE BALL IN RELIEF AREA
- 16.1 RELIEF FROM ABNORMAL GROUND CONDITIONS
- 17.1 RELIEF FROM PENALTY AREAS
- 19.2 UNPLAYABLE BALL
- LOCAL RULE: ALTERNATIVE TO STROKE & DISTANCE
R&A RULES OF GOLF WEBSITE
- The Rules of Golf (full version) which is intended for those who administer the game and who need to answer the variety of questions that can arise in relation to golf competitions.
- The Rules of Golf (Player’s Edition) which is intended for you, the golfer. It contains the Rules situations that occur most commonly on the course and is an abridged version of the full Rules. Although its text is edited, it gives the same answer that is in the full Rules of Golf and so it is a functioning Rule book.
- Definitions - over 70 defined terms that form the foundation around which the Rules are written.
- Interpretations - provided only for aspects of the Rules that are considered to require additional clarification (replaces the old 'Decisions' book).
- Committee Procedures - practical guidance for those involved in running day to day play at golf courses, including defining Penalty Areas and defining Local Rules.